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Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action$
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Alain de Janvry, Gustavo Gordillo, Elisabeth Sadoulet, and Jean-Philippe Platteau

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780199242177

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242177.001.0001

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Transition from Collective Farms to Individual Tenures in Central and Eastern Europe

Transition from Collective Farms to Individual Tenures in Central and Eastern Europe

(p.349) 14 Transition from Collective Farms to Individual Tenures in Central and Eastern Europe
Access to Land, Rural Poverty, and Public Action

Johan F. M. Swinnen

Oxford University Press

Land reform played an integral role in the overall agrarian reforms in all Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs). This reform began during the early 1990s and it served as a crucial precondition for the restructuring of both the collective and state farms. Land property rights were transferred either from collective farms or from the state to private agents as part of many land reform measures. This happened despite the fact that land ownership remained prohibited in some areas. Although the reforms across all CEECs resulted in a greater number of individual tenures, there were significant discrepancies in the extent of the shift as observed throughout the different farming specializations and the regions in the CEECs. This chapter gives a comparative analysis of land reform and the implications of the shift from collective to individual tenures within the CEECs.

Keywords:   land reform, CEECs, collective farms, state farms, private agents, individual tenures

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