Evidence to support the notion that introversions are positively linked to levels of musical performance is presented in this chapter. Whilst extraverts direct their energies outwards towards people, introverts tend to move naturally away from people, preferring to dwell in a personal, internal world of subjective experience. Underlying factors of introversion are first discussed in this chapter. The author focuses on Cattell's contributory primaries, since this will assist in gaining a clearer definition of the resultant second-order factor. Because the principal interest is introversion, the primary factor descriptions that relate to that end of the dimensions are given more attention. These include aloofness, self-sufficiency, desurgency, and shyness. This chapter stipulates that in musicians, the trait appears to manifest itself particularly in a tendency to direct energy inwards, resulting in a reserved and introspective temperament. The reason why introversion seems so critical in the musician's personality is also examined.
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