Gonadal steroids and memory formation
This chapter reviews some studies that have examined the influence of gonadal steroids on the learning of the passive avoidance task, and also examines the relationship between the effects of testosterone on passive avoidance tasks and on other tasks and situations. Furthermore, it explores issues that have not, as yet, received much experimental attention. Many effects of the gonadal steroids are sex dependent. Thus testosterone strongly facilitates attack pecking in male chicks but has little effect on attack pecking in females. The rapidity with which testosterone affects performance in the passive avoidance task clearly distinguishes it from actions of steroids that involve genomic interactions. However, a number of gonadal steroids exert rapid effects on neural activity. The underlying neurochemical basis of these effects is not clear.
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