Australia and New Zealand
This chapter compares maternal mortality in Australia and New Zealand. In the 1920s, about 700 mothers died annually from maternal causes. The distribution of maternal deaths by cause is similar to those in Great Britain and the US Though the Australian statistics on maternal mortality leave much to be desired, it is clear that abortion was a major cause of death in Australia. Maternal mortality began its steep and uninterrupted descent in 1937, but the lowest level ever was recorded only in 1939. In New Zealand, maternal care was based on the British model, rather than the American or European models, that featured a mixture of home and hospital deliveries. The chapter highlights the trend in maternal mortality in New Zealand from 1930 to 1950.
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