Lecture II, 30
This final chapter first reviews the available means of expression of negation — both inherited and secondary, including (Lecture 27) prohibitive particles — and (Lecture 28) the placement of negative markers, and their use with nouns. There follow (Lecture 29) remarks on quantitative (as opposed to qualitative) negatives — expressions for ‘no one’, ‘nothing’, ‘never’ — and the negation of general statements,and (Lecture 30) discussion of some special uses of Gk μή and Lat. ne. The privative prefix, and the use generally of negatives in compounds, both nominal (possessive and determining) and verbal, are the subjects of Lecture 31; the meaning of privative compounds, and forms that compete with them, are considered at the start of Lecture 32. The chapter concludes (Lectures 32–3) with discussion of the accumulation of negatives (negative + privative compound, qualitative + quantitative negative, prohibitive + declarative negative, pleonastic negation), and finally of the coordination of negated clauses and phrases.
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