John Wilson Moore
John Moore initially became known for elucidating the action of tetrodotoxin and other neurotoxins using his innovative sucrose gap method for voltage clamping squid axon. He also was a pioneer in the nascent area of computational neuroscience, using computer simulations in parallel with experiments to predict experimental results and thus validate the concepts used in modeling. Intrigued by the possibility of applying his knowledge of physics to learn how neurons employ electricity to generate and transmit signals, he led the field in exploring how ion channels and neuronal morphology affect excitation and signal propagation. He developed electronic instrumentation of high precision for electrophysiology, the result of experience gained through an unconventional career path: early training in physics, assignments involving feedback in the Manhattan Project, and learning principles of operational amplifiers at the RCA Laboratories. His summers at the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, MA, now exceeding 50, made much of his work possible and established the MBL as his intellectual home. In retirement, he developed the educational software Neurons In Action, coauthored with his wife Ann Stuart, that is now widely used as a learning tool in neurophysiology.
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