Cathedrals, Convents, Churches, and Chapels
This chapter presents institutional histories of ecclesiastical music in Manila. It traces the development of vocal and instrumental music in the cathedral, and examines the foundation of the Colegio de Niños Tiples in the mid‐eighteenth century. As Manila Cathedral was frequently under repair or reconstruction due to damage by earthquakes and fires, other religious institutions assumed importance as centers of musical practice, including convents and colleges of the Augustinians, Franciscans, Jesuits, Dominicans, Recollects, and the Hospitaller Order of Saint John of God (San Juan de Dios). The chapter discusses biographies of individual musicians and considers the roles of Filipino musicians. Musical practices of institutions for women and girls, including the Monasterio de Santa Clara and numerous beaterios, are also examined. Finally, the chapter explores the music of Manila's parish churches and confraternities, and the legislation for the appointment of indigenous musicians in parishes and missions throughout the Philippines.
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