Development techniques and processes
This chapter tries to apply the distinction between rāg-oriented (melismatic) development and text-oriented (syllabic) development by analyzing vocal and instrumental performance. The main categories of development in vocal music are: ālāp, the quasi-free rhythm exposition of the rāg, bol banāo and bol bānt, both defined as operations carried out on the text; and tāns of various kinds. The specific techniques used, and their progression, depends on genre and individual style. Development in instrumentalgats is generally underpinned by the syllabic structure of the composition. In rāg development, this structure is concealed by the use of melismatic ornamentation or syncopation, but is still detectable.
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