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Aggression in the Sports World$
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Gordon W. Russell

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780195189599

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.001.0001

Methods, Measures, and Views of Sports Aggression

Chapter:
(p.201) 7 Methods, Measures, and Views of Sports Aggression
Source:
Aggression in the Sports World
Author(s):

Gordon W. Russell

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195189599.003.0007

This chapter provides a brief introductory or refresher course intended to familiarize the reader with the basics of experimental research. Several sources of biasing influences are described, with each followed by the steps typically taken to control for their influence. Three traditional behavioral measures of laboratory aggression are reviewed, followed by four more recently developed laboratory measures. Self-reports of aggression, objective inventory measures, and projective techniques are described and evaluated. Attention is directed to the use of archival records as a source of data well suited to investigations of sport aggression. A concluding section traces the development of theory intended to account for aggressive behavior. Early instinctual explanations were displaced by the frustration–aggression hypothesis, aggressive cue theory, and social learning theory. The popular and persistent notion of catharsis is reviewed and found to be lacking empirical support.

Keywords:   archival, bias, catharsis, experimental, measures, research, theories

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