The Influence of Within-School Context on the Subjective Experience of Victimization: Safety, Violence as a Problem, and School Nonattendence Due to Fear
This chapter presents structural equation models of how school context variables (risky peer behaviors, school policies, teachers' support and student participation) combined with victimization lead to different kinds of students' subjective interpretations about their school: assessment of the severity of school violence, missing school due to fear, and a sense of safety. Key findings and implications include: (1) the amount of variance explained for the subjective assessment by within school variables alone is quite high; (2) different subjective interpretive outcomes are influenced by different types of victimization and school variables; (3) students' views of their school violence problem are influenced mainly by the risky peer behaviors and the response of the school staff to violent events; (4) non-attendance due to fear is influenced mainly by personal experiences with severe events of peer-violence; (5) a sense of safety is influenced mainly by a positive school climate; and (6) these patterns are true for all school levels studied and across ethnicity and gender.
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