Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia
Algerian, Moroccan, and Tunisian telecommunications operating institutions were established under the colonial regime, and patterned after the PPT system of the French Ministry. Subsequent to the country's independence, all international calls were supervised and directed through the offices in Paris, France—the former colonizer of the aforementioned states. Internal message sending networks manifested limited information exchange as telephones were only distributed among the urban areas and domestic calls were subject to certain limiting technical perimeters. This chapter analyzes these technological shortcomings, along with the potential advantages, in the context of each of the three country's economic patterns, organizational structure, industrialization pace, national reserves, financial capability, and global relations. In addition, the chapter looks at the distribution, ownership, management, and supervision of telecommunications in order to encourage effective and efficient delivery and allocation of technological resources.
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