The terminus of the projection originating in the eye is the enormous sheet of cells in the back of the brain known as the striate cortex. The retina is projected systematically onto the cortex, with hundreds of cells to process the output of each incoming fiber. Striate cells have several characteristics such as binocularity, directional selectivity, and much more narrow orientation and spatial frequency selectivity. This chapter discusses the nature of striate processing, in particular, the anatomy of the striate cortex and the physiology of the striate cortex.
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