Karlstadt and the Zwinglians
The Eucharistic Controversy in Zurich, Basel, and Strasbourg
This chapter argues that Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt was both a catalyst and an unacknowledged contributor to the development of early Zwinglianism. Ulrich Zwingli was not immediately influenced by Karlstadt, but there were important similarities in how the two men interpreted Scripture passages concerning the Eucharist, some of which could be traced to the influence of Erasmus. The reformers of Basel (Johann Oecolampadius) and Strasbourg (Wolfgang Capito and Martin Bucer) used the arguments of both Cornelis Hoen and Karlstadt to oppose Christ's corporeal presence in the Lord's Supper, thereby incorporating them into early Zwinglian (and later Reformed) eucharistic theology.
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