Quantitative approaches to HIA
This chapter considers health impact assessment (HIA) from the perspective of disease, experts, and quantification. Impacts of disease (including accidents and mental illness) are clearer than notions of ‘health’; perceptions by an expert can be based on scientific evidence rather than the subjective judgements of the general public; and a statement that one death may occur is clearer than a statement simply that there is an ‘appreciable’ risk, or some other non-quantified statement. This approach is utilitarian: that is, it proposes information for the good of the public as a whole rather than taking a rights-based approach for an individual in a group.
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