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Agents and Goals in Evolution

Agents and Goals in Evolution

Samir Okasha

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
July 2018
ISBN:
9780198815082
eISBN:
9780191852909
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198815082.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Philosophy of Mind

In evolutionary biology, there is a mode of thinking which is quite common, and philosophically significant. This is ‘agential thinking’. In its paradigm case, agential thinking involves treating an ... More

Being ReducedNew Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation

Jakob Hohwy and Jesper Kallestrup (eds)

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
February 2010
ISBN:
9780199211531
eISBN:
9780191705977
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199211531.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There are few more unsettling philosophical questions than this: ‘what happens in attempts to reduce some properties to some other more fundamental properties?’ Reflection on this question inevitably ... More

Decision Theory and Rationality

Decision Theory and Rationality

José Luis Bermúdez

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199548026
eISBN:
9780191720246
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199548026.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The concept of rationality is a common thread through the human and social sciences — from political science to philosophy, from economics to sociology, from management science to decision analysis. ... More

Emergence in Mind

Emergence in Mind

Cynthia Macdonald and Graham Macdonald (eds)

Published in print:
2010
Published Online:
May 2010
ISBN:
9780199583621
eISBN:
9780191723483
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199583621.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

There have long been controversies about how it is that minds can fit into a physical universe. Emergence in Mind presents new essays by a group of philosophers investigating whether mental ... More

Explaining the Brain

Explaining the Brain

Carl F. Craver

Published in print:
2007
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199299317
eISBN:
9780191715075
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199299317.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

What distinguishes good explanations in neuroscience from bad? This book constructs and defends standards for evaluating neuroscientific explanations that are grounded in a systematic view of what ... More

Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

Explanation and Integration in Mind and Brain Science

David M. Kaplan (ed.)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
January 2018
ISBN:
9780199685509
eISBN:
9780191765667
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199685509.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

While it has long been a topic of discussion among philosophers and scientists alike, there is growing appreciation that understanding the complex relationship between neuroscience and psychological ... More

Functions in MindA Theory of Intentional Content

Functions in Mind: A Theory of Intentional Content

Carolyn Price

Published in print:
2001
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780199242009
eISBN:
9780191696992
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199242009.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This book investigates what it means to say that mental states — thoughts, wishes, perceptual experiences, and so on — are about things in the world. The answer to this deep philosophical problem is ... More

Phenomenology of Illness

Phenomenology of Illness

Havi Carel

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
September 2016
ISBN:
9780199669653
eISBN:
9780191829925
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199669653.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

The experience of illness is a universal and substantial part of human existence. Like death, illness raises important philosophical issues. But unlike death, illness, and in particular the ... More

The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett

The Philosophy of Daniel Dennett

Bryce Huebner (ed.)

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
February 2018
ISBN:
9780199367511
eISBN:
9780199367535
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780199367511.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Daniel C. Dennett began publishing innovative philosophical research in the late 1960s, and he has continued doing so for the past 45 years. He has addressed questions about the nature of mind and ... More

Pieces of MindThe Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Pieces of Mind: The Proper Domain of Psychological Predicates

Carrie Figdor

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
June 2018
ISBN:
9780198809524
eISBN:
9780191846861
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198809524.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Many people accept that chimpanzees, dolphins, and some other animals can think and feel. But these cases are just the tip of a growing iceberg. If biologists are right, fruit flies and plants make ... More

Scientific RepresentationParadoxes of Perspective

Scientific Representation: Paradoxes of Perspective

Bas C. van Fraassen

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278220
eISBN:
9780191707926
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278220.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Science represents natural phenomena by means of theories, as well as in many concrete ways by such means as pictures, graphs, table-top models, and computer simulations. This book begins with an ... More

Subjective ConsciousnessA Self-Representational Theory

Subjective Consciousness: A Self-Representational Theory

Uriah Kriegel

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
September 2009
ISBN:
9780199570355
eISBN:
9780191721625
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199570355.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Some mental events are conscious, some are unconscious. What is the difference between the two? This book offers an answer. It attempts to develop a comprehensive theory of the feature that all and ... More

Thought, Reference, and ExperienceThemes from the Philosophy of Gareth Evans

Thought, Reference, and Experience: Themes from the Philosophy of Gareth Evans

José Luis Bermúdez (ed.)

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
January 2009
ISBN:
9780199248964
eISBN:
9780191719387
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199248964.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

This book presents a collection of important new chapters on topics at the intersection of philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and philosophical logic. The starting-point for the chapters is ... More

Without Good ReasonThe Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science

Edward Stein

Published in print:
1997
Published Online:
October 2011
ISBN:
9780198237730
eISBN:
9780191679520
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198237730.001.0001
Subject:
Philosophy, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science

Are humans rational? Various experiments performed over the last several decades have been interpreted as showing that humans are irrational: we make significant and consistent errors in logical ... More

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