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Are Some Languages Better than Others?

Are Some Languages Better than Others?

R. M. W. Dixon

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780198766810
eISBN:
9780191821066
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198766810.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

There was a tendency, in the nineteenth century, for Europeans to denigrate the customs of dark-skinned peoples, and to put forward the uninformed opinion that their languages were ‘primitive’. To ... More

BorrowingLoanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar

Borrowing: Loanwords in the Speech Community and in the Grammar

Shana Poplack

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
November 2017
ISBN:
9780190256388
eISBN:
9780190256401
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780190256388.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

In virtually every bilingual situation empirically studied, borrowed items make up the overwhelming majority of other-language material, but short shrift has been given to this major manifestation of ... More

Canonical Morphology and Syntax

Canonical Morphology and Syntax

Dunstan Brown, Marina Chumakina, and Greville G. Corbett (eds)

Published in print:
2012
Published Online:
January 2013
ISBN:
9780199604326
eISBN:
9780191746154
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199604326.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This is the first book to present Canonical Typology, a framework for comparing constructions and categories across languages. The canonical method takes the criteria used to define particular ... More

Causation in Grammatical Structures

Causation in Grammatical Structures

Bridget Copley and Fabienne Martin (eds)

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199672073
eISBN:
9780191751240
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199672073.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Causation is a topic of great interest to a number of different domains related to the study of natural language, from philosophy to cognitive ontology to argument structure. However, these domains ... More

Concealed Questions

Concealed Questions

Ilaria Frana

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
April 2017
ISBN:
9780199670925
eISBN:
9780191749605
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670925.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Understanding the properties of questions and their embedding predicates has been a central project in theoretical syntax and semantics over the last fifty years. This book examines the semantic ... More

Constructions at WorkThe Nature of Generalization in Language

Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language

Adele Goldberg

Published in print:
2005
Published Online:
September 2007
ISBN:
9780199268511
eISBN:
9780191708428
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199268511.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book investigates the nature of generalizations in language, drawing parallels between our linguistic knowledge and more general conceptual knowledge. The book combines theoretical, corpus, and ... More

Contact LinguisticsBilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes

Carol Myers-Scotton

Published in print:
2002
Published Online:
January 2010
ISBN:
9780198299530
eISBN:
9780191708107
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198299530.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Sociolinguistics / Anthropological Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

Contact Linguistics is a critical investigation of grammatical structures when bilingual speakers use their two or more languages in the same clause. Myers-Scotton examines major contact ... More

Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

Cross-Linguistic Variation and Efficiency

John A. Hawkins

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199664993
eISBN:
9780191748547
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199664993.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book argues that major patterns of variation across languages are structured by general principles of efficiency in language use and communication. Evidence for these comes from languages ... More

Deconstructing ErgativityTwo Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Deconstructing Ergativity: Two Types of Ergative Languages and Their Features

Maria Polinsky

Published in print:
2016
Published Online:
May 2016
ISBN:
9780190256586
eISBN:
9780190256616
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190256586.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

The main purpose of the book is to advance an analysis of case and argument structure that can help to explain variation in the syntactic behavior of external arguments across languages. The focus is ... More

Defaults in Morphological Theory

Defaults in Morphological Theory

Nikolas Gisborne and Andrew Hippisley (eds)

Published in print:
2017
Published Online:
December 2017
ISBN:
9780198712329
eISBN:
9780191780882
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198712329.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

Default-based analyses of linguistic data are most prevalent in morphological descriptions because morphology is pervaded by idiosyncrasy and irregularity, and defaults allow for a representation of ... More

Definite Descriptions

Definite Descriptions

Paul Elbourne

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199660193
eISBN:
9780191757303
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660193.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics

This book argues that definite descriptions refer to or range overindividuals, as claimed by Frege and Strawson. Working within asituation semantics framework, Elbourne maintains that ... More

A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

A Derivational Syntax for Information Structure

Luis López

Published in print:
2009
Published Online:
May 2009
ISBN:
9780199557400
eISBN:
9780191721229
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199557400.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book presents a detailed model of syntax-information structure interaction. It presents clear empirical arguments that this interaction takes place at the phase level, with a privileged role for ... More

Diagnosing Syntax

Diagnosing Syntax

Lisa Lai-Shen Cheng and Norbert Corver (eds)

Published in print:
2013
Published Online:
September 2013
ISBN:
9780199602490
eISBN:
9780191757297
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199602490.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

Diagnosis is an essential part of scientific research. It refers to the process of identifying a phenomenon, property, or condition on the basis of certain signs and by the use of various diagnostic ... More

Dissolving Binding Theory

Dissolving Binding Theory

Johan Rooryck and Guido Vanden Wyngaerd

Published in print:
2011
Published Online:
May 2012
ISBN:
9780199691326
eISBN:
9780191731785
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199691326.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book adopts the strong Minimalist thesis that grammar contains no rules or principles specifically designed to account for anaphors and pronouns. Lexically, anaphors have unvalued φ-features, ... More

Edges in SyntaxScrambling and Cyclic Linearization

Edges in Syntax: Scrambling and Cyclic Linearization

Heejeong Ko

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
November 2014
ISBN:
9780199660261
eISBN:
9780191749162
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199660261.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book provides a discussion concerning cyclic syntax by examining the characteristics of syntactic edges and their interactions with linearization and movement. In particular, it contributes to ... More

Encoding EventsFunctional Structure and Variation

Encoding Events: Functional Structure and Variation

Xuhui Hu

Published in print:
2018
Published Online:
October 2018
ISBN:
9780198808466
eISBN:
9780191846069
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/oso/9780198808466.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology

This book presents theoretical and empirical research on the syntax of events within the broader framework of generative grammar. A central theoretical concern is how conceptual meaning interacts ... More

English Lexicogenesis

English Lexicogenesis

D. Gary Miller

Published in print:
2014
Published Online:
April 2014
ISBN:
9780199689880
eISBN:
9780191770371
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199689880.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book is about the processes by which novel words are coined. Ten distinctions are drawn between processes based on implicit knowledge and those deployed with varying levels of consciousness. The ... More

Epistemic IndefinitesExploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Epistemic Indefinites: Exploring Modality Beyond the Verbal Domain

Luis Alonso-Ovalle and Paula Menéndez-Benito (eds)

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
August 2015
ISBN:
9780199665297
eISBN:
9780191779732
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199665297.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Semantics and Pragmatics, Theoretical Linguistics

Within formal semantics, research on the expression of modality in natural language has traditionally focused on verbs. This book brings together novel work on the semantics and pragmatics of some ... More

External Arguments in Transitivity AlternationsA Layering Approach

External Arguments in Transitivity Alternations: A Layering Approach

Artemis Alexiadou, Elena Anagnostopoulou, and Florian Schäfer

Published in print:
2015
Published Online:
March 2015
ISBN:
9780199571949
eISBN:
9780191757433
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199571949.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Syntax and Morphology, Theoretical Linguistics

This book is an exploration of the syntax of external arguments in transitivity alternations from a cross-linguistic perspective. The empirical focus is the causative/anticausative alternation and ... More

Functional Discourse GrammarA Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Functional Discourse Grammar: A Typologically-Based Theory of Language Structure

Kees Hengeveld and J. Lachlan Mackenzie

Published in print:
2008
Published Online:
September 2008
ISBN:
9780199278107
eISBN:
9780191707797
Item type:
book
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:
10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199278107.001.0001
Subject:
Linguistics, Psycholinguistics / Neurolinguistics / Cognitive Linguistics, Theoretical Linguistics

This book presents Functional Discourse Grammar (FDG). Chapter 1 gives an overall picture of the model and places it in the context of contemporary linguistics. Chapter 2 presents the interpersonal ... More

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